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Locust Swarm Attacks India: Another new problem has emerged in the country in the amidst of the Coronavirus epidemic. Actually, the locust swarm has attacked many states of India from Pakistan through Rajasthan. This locust swarm has destroyed crops in Punjab, Rajasthan, and Madhya Pradesh.
At the same time, the outbreak of the locust party is increasing. In such a situation, the question arises that where did this grasshopper (locust) swarm has come from and how is it ruining the crops in the country.
Locusts have been leading the attack in India for the last 20 years. Last year too, it caused heavy losses in India. The largest locust attack in the country was in 1993. In subsequent years, a large number of locusts have been coming from it, but due to the promptness of the government, the loss was not much. This time these locusts have reached India via Iran and Pakistan. First, they damaged crops in Punjab and Rajasthan and now this swarm has reached Jhansi.
Worldwide more than 10,000 species of locusts are found, but only four species are found in India. It includes desert locust, migratory locust, Bombay locust, and tree locust. Among them, desert locusts are considered the most dangerous. These take dangerous forms when they come in the green meadows. According to agricultural authorities, desert locusts have affected the lives of ten percent of the world’s population.
Agricultural experts said that locusts of any kind do not harm humans nor do they bite them. But it is important to be careful with them. They only attack crops and plants. At the same time, these locusts are used as food in many countries of the world. In countries such as Vietnam, Brazil, and Cambodia they are eaten with great fervor.
The main reason for locusts to grow in large numbers is the change in weather due to global warming. Experts say that a female locust can lay up to three eggs and up to 95-158 eggs at a time. New reports released on locusts say that one of the main reasons behind their increase and number of attacks is the unseasonal rain. During the last year, the entire Arabian Peninsula, including India and Pakistan, has been receiving unseasonal rains. Because of this, they spread rapidly due to moisture. According to experts, locusts increase up to 20 times in the first breeding period, 400 in the second and 1,600 times in the third.
Two months ago, when a locust team attacked India, standing oil seeds, cumin and wheat crops in 1.7 lakh hectare area in Gujarat and Rajasthan were damaged. Experts said that if the locusts are not controlled soon, the monsoon crop worth eight thousand crore rupees may be ruined.
Experts point out that control and surveillance is the best way to prevent grasshopper attacks. In addition, aerial spraying of pesticides can be done, but India lacks this facility. Similarly, locust eggs can be destroyed before they grow.